Microevolution Events in Allium (Amaryllidaceae) Plastomes

Scobeyeva V.A.1, 2; Artyushin I.V.1; Krinitsina A.A.1; Nikitin P.A.1*; Antipin M.I.1; Kuptsov S.V.1; Belenikin M.S.2; Omelchenko D.O.3; Logacheva M.D.4; Konorov E.A.5; Samoilov A.E.6; Speranskaya A.S.6,1
1 Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia; 2 Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Moscow, Russia; 3 Institute for Information Transmission Problems (RAS), Moscow, Russia; 4 Center of Life Sciences, Skolkovo Institute of Science and Technology, Moscow, Russia; 5 Vavilov Institute of General Genetics, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia; 6 Central Research Institute of Epidemiology (CRIE), Russia
Amaryllidaceae is a large family with more than 1600 species, belonging to 75 genera. The largest genus – Allium comprises about 1000 species. They are widespread and are adapted to a wide range of habitats. They can even live on mountains at an altitude of 5000 meters. Genes present in chloroplast genomes (plastomes) play fundamental role for the photosynthesis. Plastome traits could thus be associated with geophysical abiotic characteristics of habitats. Most chloroplast genes are highly conserved and are used as phylogenetic markers for many families of vascular plants. Nevertheless some studies revealed signatures of positive selection in chloroplast genes of many plant families including Amaryllidaceae. In this work we provide analysis of Allioideae subfamily plastid genomes selection events.Nikitin_plantgen

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